Sewing has been practiced for many centuries and many women used it to mend their husband and children’s clothes. During old times, they practiced hand sewing because machines were not yet available. When sewing machines were invented, mass production of clothes started and many businesses flourished. Many people were taught how to operate sewing machines and many jobs were generated.
As technology advances today, many sewing machines are built with LCD screens and lots of programmed stitches which makes it easier for the user to make clothes—especially basic ones. The developments have been very good for sewing machines but it’s still better to learn how to sew the old fashioned way. Reconnecting without ancestors and going back to a simpler life is never a bad thing.
Starting with hand sewing is a good way to learn how our ancestors lived back then when there were no machines. There are many hand sewing techniques used before and not all of them are easy so start with the easiest ones featured in this blog.
This is the most basic stitch and it can be used for all kinds of sewing. If you want to put two kinds of fabric together or just creating a simple hem them this is the best kind of stitch for you. You will notice that the dotted lines of the your patterns will always go through an oval which represents the opening In the needle plate where the will go in and out. When you are doing a straight stitch, your needle needs to hit the center of the opening and the seam measurements are supposed to be calculated from this point. Even kids can do this. However, you can check out sewing machines for kids if you want them to learn how to operate sewing machines.
Zig Zag Stitch
The zig zag stitch is just like a straight stitch that is modified to contain a little bit of width. This is the stitch that you’d like to use for sewing something on top of another thing or for buttonholes. You can also use this as a straight stitch when you work with knits which need some stretch in the seaming. The zig zag stitch can also be loose or if you choose to, you can shorten the length stitches to make it tighter.
Blind Hem Stitch
This stitch is used to secure hems that aren’t seen. The stitches are usually placed at the back of the fabric and should not be visible when you look at it from the front. It requires a special foot as well as technique.
The basting stitch is like a straight stitch with an extra long length. It was used to secure fabrics temporarily for them to stay in place before the final sewing. The basting stitch is also sometimes manipulated to create gathers.
This stitch is our defense from unraveling hems that can sometimes be really annoying. The overcast stitch is almost like a zig zag stich but is mostly used for seam edges to prevent fraying. Some people use it to finish the edge of a hem.